Arabic is a Semitic language widely spoken in the Middle East and North Africa, with over 400 million speakers worldwide. It is the fifth most spoken language in the world and is the official language of 26 countries. Arabic has a rich history and is known as the language of the Quran, the holy book of Islam. It has influenced many other languages and has borrowed words from other languages such as Persian, Turkish, and English. Arabic is written using the Arabic script, which is read from right to left, and has a complex grammar structure with a system of prefixes, suffixes, and roots.