Estonian is a Finno-Ugric language spoken primarily in Estonia, where it is the official language, as well as in diaspora communities around the world. It has over 1 million speakers worldwide. Estonian has a unique linguistic history and has been influenced by various languages, including German, Swedish, and Russian. It is written using the Latin alphabet with some additional characters, and has a complex grammar structure with a system of cases, verb conjugations, and declensions. Estonian is known for its rich literary tradition and is an important language for trade and commerce in Northern Europe.