German is a West Germanic language spoken primarily in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and parts of Belgium, Luxembourg, and Italy. It has over 100 million speakers worldwide. German has a rich history and has been influenced by various languages, including Latin, French, and English. It is written using the Latin alphabet with some additional characters, and has a complex grammar structure with a system of verb conjugations and noun declensions. German is known for its literature, music, and philosophy, and is an important language for trade, science, and technology in Europe.