Greek is an Indo-European language spoken primarily in Greece and Cyprus, as well as in diaspora communities around the world. It is one of the oldest recorded languages, with a history spanning over 3,000 years. Greek has a rich literary tradition and has influenced many other languages and cultures, including Latin, English, and Russian. It is written using the Greek alphabet, which has 24 letters, and has a complex grammar structure with a system of cases, verb conjugations, and declensions. Greek is known for its literature, philosophy, and art, and is an important language for trade and commerce in the Mediterranean region.