Icelandic is a North Germanic language with around 350,000 speakers, primarily in Iceland, and is descended from Old Norse. It has changed very little over the centuries, making it possible for modern Icelandic speakers to read medieval literature. Icelandic is known for its complex inflectional system, involving four cases and two numbers, as well as its unique pronunciation, including sounds not found in other languages. Despite its small number of speakers, Icelandic has a rich literary tradition and is popular among linguists and language enthusiasts due to its historical roots and distinctive features.