Latvian is a Baltic language spoken primarily in Latvia, where it is the official language, as well as in diaspora communities around the world. It has over 1.5 million speakers worldwide. Latvian has a unique linguistic history and has been influenced by various languages, including German, Russian, and Swedish. It is written using the Latin alphabet with some additional characters, and has a complex grammar structure with a system of cases, verb conjugations, and declensions. Latvian is known for its literature, music, and art, and is an important language for trade and commerce in the Baltic region.