Turkish is a Turkic language spoken primarily in Turkey, where it is the official language, as well as in parts of Cyprus, Bulgaria, Greece, and other parts of the world. It has over 80 million speakers worldwide. Turkish has a unique linguistic history and has been influenced by various languages, including Arabic and Persian. It is written using the Latin alphabet with some additional characters, and has a complex grammar structure with a system of vowel harmony, verb conjugations, and noun declensions. Turkish is known for its literature, music, and art, and is an important language for diplomacy, trade, and culture in the Middle East, Central Asia, and Europe.